Read the texts below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use.
Cover bad breath
Show that everything is fine
Show that you are wrong
Indicating a feeling of helplessness
Making fun or just being focused
Indicate approval or disapproval
Demonstrate your peaceful intentions
Guard against negative consequences
Shaking hands is a polite gesture indicating friendship and acceptance. At one time, however, meeting with a stranger aroused suspicion and fear. To prevent each other from suddenly attacking, strangers joined right hands as a pledge of non-aggression, thus demonstrating that neither party was about to use a weapon. Handshaking is now the activity practised by both men and women not only to greet one another, but to seal a contract as well.
The American “OK” sign, the joining of the thumb and forefinger in a circle, indicates that all is well or perfect. The “OK” sign acquired its modern connotation from the ancient world, wherein the circle itself was one of the oldest and most common symbols for perfection. The verbal expression “OK” is native to the United States and was formed in support of the letter “O” indicating that something was as perfect as a circle.
When not used in hitchhiking, the thumbs-up gesture in American culture typically indicates “I like that”, while the thumbs-down gesture indicates your negative feelings towards something. The gesture has been linked to the time of the Roman arena, where the emperor supposedly ordered life or death for a gladiator by turning thumbs up or thumbs down.
Crossing one’s fingers serves as protection from bad luck or from the penalties associated with lying. Thus, when people wish for good luck, they cross their fingers, and when they wish not to be held accountable for a lie, they cross their fingers and hide their arms behind their backs to not let on that they are lying.
By sticking out their tongues, people react to situations that may be unpleasant for them. Such displays indicate laughing or rejection. For example, children often stick out their tongues to tease each other. Or, they may also stick out their tongues in reaction to activities requiring close concentration; hence, the tongue-showing of childгen focused on their homework.
YOUR ANSWER READING TASK 1
Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
As president of the Walt Disney Company’s children’s book and magazine publishing unit, Russell Hampton knows a thing or two about teenagers. Or he thought as much until he was driving his 14-year-old daughter, Katie, and two friends to a play last year in Los Angeles.
“Katie and her friends were sitting in the back seat talking to each other about some movie star; I think it was Orlando Bloom,” recalled Mr. Hampton. “I made some comment about him, I don’t remember exactly what, but I got the typical teenager sigh and Katie rolled her eyes at me as if to say, ‘Oh Dad, you are so out of it.’ ”
After that, the back-seat chattering stopped. When Mr. Hampton looked into his rearview mirror he saw his daughter sending a text message on her cellphone. “Katie, you shouldn’t be texting all the time,” Mr. Hampton recalled telling her. “Your friends are there. It’s rude.” Katie rolled her eyes again.
“But, Dad, we’re texting each other,” she replied. “I don’t want you to hear what I’m saying.” Mr. Hampton turned his attention back to the freeway. It’s a common scene these days, one playing out in cars, kitchens and bedrooms across the country.
Children increasingly rely on personal technological devices like cellphones to define themselves and create social circles apart from their families, changing the way they communicate with their parents. Adults and teenagers alike found a form of easy communication unknown to the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, and his daughters.
And the computer, along with the Internet, has given even very young children virtual lives distinctly separate from those of their parents and siblings.
Social psychologists who have studied the social impact of mobile communications, say these trends are likely to continue as cellphones turn into mini hand-held computers, social networking devices and pint-sized movie screens.
“For kids it has become an identity-shaping and psyche-changing object,” Ms. Turkle said. “No one creates a new technology really understanding how it will be used or how it can change a society.”
6 What is mentioned in the text about Russell Hampton?
He is professionally engaged in film production.
He finds it hard to drive with kids chatting.
He used to think he understood youngsters.
He felt hurt by his daughter's impolite reaction.
7 Why did Katie and her friends stop chattering in the car?
They did not have anything else to talk about.
They wanted to keep their conversation private.
They did not want to distract the driver.
Mr. Hampton ordered them to be quiet.
8 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the text?
It was easy for Alexander Bell to communicate with his daughters.
The generation gap has deepened due to technological advances.
Katie was sceptical about her father's views and remarks.
Mr.Hampton tried to teach his daughter good manners.
9 What can one conclude about modern children from the text?
They run away from present-day reality
They use the Internet to hide their indentity.
They use cellphones to form their own community.
They prefer texting to any other forms of communication.
10 What is stated in the text about technology developers?
They try to bridge the generation gap with their gadgets.
They should follow the advice of social psycologists.
They concentrate their efforts on mini computers.
They can rarely predict the effect of their inventions.
YOUR ANSWER READING TASK 2
Read the texts below. Match choices (A-H) to (11-16). There are two choices you do not need to use.
The following advertisement offers
an opportunity to discover Europe by train
sightseeing tours round some ancient cities
you to participate in a treasure hunt
tours perfectly suited for single travellers
a travel by a modern comfortable plane
a chance to experience new places on foot
you to plan your own city sightseeing tour
exciting cruises aboard a racing yacht
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COX & KINGS Travel with Cox&Kings on the 9-day Highlights of Peru Tour We offer the highest quality tailor-made private travel ideas for solo tours and small-group tours for discerning travellers. Benefit from our expertise, personal service and superb value.
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EXPERIENCETHE WORLD EXPLORE WORLDWIDE ADVENTURES Discover different ways of life through hiking, explore histotical sites and everyday modern culture. Meet the local people and experience new customs and cuisines.
THE MAGIC OF SOUTH AMERICA by PRIVATE JET FROM LONDON Includes The Falkland Islands The Captain's Choice Tour has exclusively chartered an all Business Class Boeing 757 to move you away from London to experience the highlights and hidden treasures of South America
Discover Glorious Europe by Glacier Express Relax and enjoy one of our expertly planned fully escorted holidays to Europe Our Tours Include Return Eurostar from London St Pancras. Expertly planned itineraries. Many meals and excursions. Carefully selected hotels. Rail and coach travel. Services of an experienced Tour Manager.
YOUR ANSWER READING TASK 3
Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use.
holding up the sign
awarding the lollypop lady
to enable policemen
to stop at this command
doing away with the practice
to supplement their income
to assist adults with crossing, too
to cross the road safely
Lollipop Men and Women
In Britain someone helping children cross the street is called “lollipop person”, because their sign looks like a lollipop.
The job of a lollipop person is to walk to the middle of the road at a suitable time, (17) _____; it is a legal requirement for traffic (18) _____. The lollipop man/lady will signal that it is all right (19) _____. Traffic may only move once the sign has been lowered.
Generally speaking, school crossings are manned for approximately 3 hours a day or less. As a result, the work has always appealed more to people who were just seeking (20) _____ such as the retired.
Lollypop people were introduced (21) _____, who had previously run crossing patrols, to perform other duties. The earliest lollipops were red and black rectangles printed with “Stop, Children Crossing”.
In 2001 in Europe patrollers were given extra powers allowing them (22) _____. The most recent change in the history of the School Crossing Patrol saw the word “children” replaced with a symbol to bring the UK in line with the rest of the EU.
YOUR ANSWER READING TASK 4
Read the text below. For questions (23-32) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
Harry Potter Film Takes $168m to Break Ticket Records
The(23)_____final Harry Potter movie has shattered box office records in the US and Canada, taking $168m over its opening weekend. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 had already made $92.1m on its opening day, said the film’s distributor, Warner Bros. The (24)_____opening weekend record was held(25)_____Batman film The Dark Knight,(26)_____took $10m. The Potter film is the eighth movie in the hugely popular franchise. Fans around the world (27)_____for hours to be among the first to see the film, which was based on the second part of JK Rowling’s seventh and final book in the series. Most cinemas were showing the film in 3D, which slightly increased the ticket(28)_____The(29)_____Potter film series has so far earned more than Ј4bn worldwide, not including the final film’s takings so far. Internationally, the film had taken $157.5m by Friday. “A billion dollars is(30)_____going to happen,” said Dan Fellman, head of domestic distribution at Warner Bros. It has been 10 years(31)_____the first movie in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, was (32)_____It made stars of its young cast, Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson and Rupert Grint.
YOUR ANSWER READING TASK 5
Read the texts below. For questions (33-42) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
Ancient Olympic Events
The ancient Olympics were rather different from the modern Games. There were(33)_____events, and only free men who(34)_____Greek could compete, instead of athletes from any country. Also, the games were always held at Olympia instead of moving around to different sites every time. Like our Olympics, though, winning athletes were heroes who made their(35)_____towns proud. One young Athenian nobleman defended his political reputation by(36)_____how he entered seven chariots in the Olympic chariot-race. This high number of entries made both the aristocrat and Athens(37)_____very wealthy and powerful.
A the least
C the fewest
Although it’s known as the Mona Lisa,(38)_____famous painting was(39)_____titled La Giaconda. Painted on wood, it’s a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, the wife of a Florentine merchant. X-rays(40)_____that Leonardo sketched three different poses before(41)_____on the final design. The painting of Lisa has no eyebrows because it was the fashion of the time for women(42)_____them off.
A Leonardo da Vinci's
B Leonardo's da Vinci's
C Leonardo da Vinci
D Leonardo's da Vinci
C are revealed
C to settle
D having settled
B to shave
D being shaved
YOUR ANSWER READING TASK 6
43. You’ve got a letter from your English pen-friend in which he/she wrote you about his/her future plans. He/she wants to become an actor. And your friend is sure that this profession will give him/her the opportunity to become famous and make a lot of money. Write a letter to your pen-friend in which say
• about your thoughts regarding his/her career plans • what you are going to do after leaving school • how you prepare yourself for your future profession • what you think is necessary to be successful in your future job
Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write your own name, any dates, addresses or other personal information. Start your letter in an appropriate way.