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46. Thanksgiving

    On the fourth Thursday in November, in houses around the United States, families get together for a feast, or a large meal. Almost all families eat turkey and cranberry sauce for this meal, and have pumpkin pie for dessert. This feast is part of a very special day, the holiday of Thanksgiving.

    In 1620 the Pilgrims made a difficult trip across the ocean from England. They landed in what is now Massachusetts. In England the Pilgrims had not been allowed to freely practice their religion. So they went to the New World in search of religious freedom.

    The Pilgrims' first winter was very hard. Almost half the group died of cold, hunger, and disease. But the Indians of Massachusetts taught the Pilgrims to plant corn, to hunt, and to fish. When the next fall came, the Pilgrims had plenty of food. They were thankful and had a feast to give thanks. They invited the Indians to join them. This was the first Thanksgiving.

    Thanksgiving became a national holiday many years later because of a woman named Sarah Hale. For forty years Sarah Hale wrote to each president and asked for a holiday of Thanksgiving. At last she was successful. In 1863 President Lincoln declared Thanksgiving a holiday.

    How much is Thanksgiving today like the Pilgrims' Thanksgiving? In many ways they are different. For example, historians think that the Pilgrims ate deer, not turkey. The idea of Thanksgiving, though, is very much the same: Thanksgiving is a day on which we celebrate and give thanks.



1. When is Thanksgiving celebrated?
a. On the fourth Thursday in November
b. On the third Wednesday in November
c. On the third Friday in November

2. What is the main meat dish on Thanksgiving Day?
a. A chicken
b. A duck
c. A turkey

3. Why did the Pilgrims come to the USA?
a. Because they didn’t have religious freedom.
b. Because they had no meal.
c. Because they wanted to become rich.

4. Why did many Pilgrims die at first?
a. Because the Indians killed them.
b. Because they had new conditions of life.
c. Because they had dangerous illnesses.

5. How did Sarah Hale make Thanksgiving Day a national holiday?
a. She asked the government to do that.
b. She called on Americans to celebrate it.
c. She cooked the dinner and gave to Americans.

6. What was the main meat dish for Pilgrims’ Thanksgiving?
a. A turkey
b. A deer
c. A rabbit

7. What is the synonym for the word ‘feast’ (paragraph 1)?
a. Dinner
b. Banquet
c. Entertainment
d. Advertisement

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