You are going to read a magazine article about jet lag. Choose
the most suitable heading from the list A-H for each part (1-6)
of the article. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. There
is an example at the beginning (0).
What causes jet lag? B. The effects of jet lag C. Treat yourself to an upgrade D. It's not how far you go E. Learning to live with jet lag F. The side effects of flying G. Not all travellers are equal H. The growth of jet lag
You are going to read a newspaper article about family trees.
For questions 7-13, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you
think fits best according to the text.
Finding your family history on the Net
If you are researching your family tree, you're not alone.
Genealogy is currently one of the most popular pastimes on
the Internet, which is increasingly being used to trace distant
relatives. Some of the most popular Web sites deal with thousands
of enquiries and emails every month.
"The progressive breakdown of traditional family values,
economic factors and freedom to travel have all spread families
out more widely than was once common, and many relatives have
lost touch with each other," explains Gordon Johnson,
an author and genealogy expert. "Most people now interested
in genealogy start by looking for family connections a few
generations back, or even relatives alive today, and then
get hooked on it as a hobby."
Getting started requires little more than knowing who your
parents are. Then it's a simple case of tracing back your
lineage generation by generation. Although several beginners'
guides can be found online to help, Johnson advises that you
make contact with a family history society in the area which
your ancestors are from. Many of these publish helpful booklets
of local history, gravestone inscriptions or census indexes.
One of the most common mistakes made by amateur genealogists
is failing to get in touch with living relatives. These relatives
can provide vital information on people, dates and places.
Relative accounts can be misleading, but they are the most
current source of family history available. Other common errors
include not knowing the history of the area in which your
research is being conducted or assuming that your surname
has never been spelled a different way.
Another common mistake is for researchers to assume they
are the only person researching a particular family line.
This is unlikely: any family group spanning several generations
will probably contain a few thousand living members. This
means that contacting distant cousins can be a timesaving
and helpful resource. This is where the Web's strength lies.
As a cheap means of communicating across oceans and time zones,
the Net is second to none, and thousands of family hunters
log on daily to request help and information in the pursuit
of their goal.
It is also important that researchers keep careful notes
of their information sources. A simple filing system for accessing
the data they collect is also vital. This will help to avoid
confusion once the information begins to pile up. A number
of specialist programs are available to help with this. If
you decide to use one of these programs, shop around and choose
the one which most closely matches your needs.
The problem with the Internet is that it is a very recent
medium. The huge resources it offers only serve to highlight
the enormous amounts of vital information that have yet to
make it into digital format. For the foreseeable future, it
is likely that much of the information you need will be found
only in books in libraries or in national and local record
offices. The online sources are growing fast, but it will
be a long time before they completely replace more traditional
You are going to read a magazine article in which someone
gives advice about job interviews. Eight sentences have been removed from the
text. Choose from the sentences A-H the one which fits each gap (14-20).
There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. There is an example
at the beginning (0).
You are going to read an article about weekend cycling holidays.
For questions 21-35, choose from the sections of the article (A-E).
Some of the sections may be chosen more than once. When more than one answer
is required, these must be given in alphabetical order. There is an example
at the beginning (0).
Which of the trips:
A. Waltham Cross - Bishop's Stortford - Cambridge
A relaxing, gentle ride to the university town of Cambridge.
We take a train to the outskirts of London before picking
up a cycle path which will take us to the beautiful countryside
of East Anglia. We stop for the night at a hotel in the beautiful
old town of Bishop's Stortford. The following day it's on
to Cambridge, stopping for lunch in Saffron Walden. Finally
we meet up with the cycle tracks that take us to the centre
of Cambridge and the train home. A good trip if you're new
B. London Central - Hampton Court - Windsor
Beginning in the heart of London, we ride out past the Houses
of Parliament, along the river, maybe stopping for lunch at
Kew Gardens. Then it's on to Hampton Court to visit King Henry
VIII's residence and to stay the night. Like a fairy tale,
Windsor Castle, home to the Kings and Queens of England and
our destination, appears from nowhere. Then it's either back
to London by train or maybe stay another night and relax in
the castle gardens.
C. Manningtree - Hadleigh - Sudbury
Beginning with a short train ride to Manningtree, we turn
out of the station on to the marsh land of the River Stour
estuary, a favourite spot for birdwatchers and naturalists.
Lunch is at Flatford Mill, where Constable painted his famous
Haywain. In the afternoon, we continue through the
East Anglian countryside. The next day we stop for lunch in
the medieval village of Lavenham, and a chance to visit some
of the local craft shops. To finish the ride, we continue
on to Sudbury and the train back to London.
D. Headcorn - Chilham - Canterbury
A trip through the garden of England. Along country lanes
in the shadow of the North Downs, soon you will have to climb
the tracks that lead you over the Downs to the ancient wool
town of Chilham for a well-earned rest. The next morning a
short ride, via paths that wind their way through orchards
and market gardens to the magnificent cathedral town of Canterbury.
This trip is designed so that you will be there for lunch
and have plenty of time to visit the souvenir shops on the
lanes around the cathedral.
E. Guildford - Box Hill (Dorking) - Oxted - Tonbridge
If you are more experienced and in good shape, this is the
ride for you. We follow the Pilgrims Way along the North Downs
to the south of London and stop for lunch at Guildford. Then
we climb up to the Downs escarpment. When we finally reach
the top we are rewarded with a wonderful view of southern
England. The following day the path takes us through woods
and over golf courses, on a path that you would never find
without a guide. After lunch in the magnificent gardens of
Heaver Castle, with the possibility of a guided tour of the
castle, we continue to Tonbridge to catch the train home.
For questions 36-50, read the
text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D)
best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).