To many people, the word Hollywood has
two meanings. Hollywood is an area in Los Angeles. Hollywood is also the
American movie industry.
Hollywood was just farmland at the
beginning of this century. Early American movies were made in other places; for
example, in New York and Chicago.
In 1917 a director was making a movie
in Chicago. Because of cold weather, he couldn't finish the movie. He took a
trip to southern California, and there he found just the weather and scenery he
needed to finish his movie. The director realized that southern California was
the perfect place for making movies. The next year his company built a movie
studio in Hollywood. Other companies followed. Before long nearly all important
American movie studios were in Hollywood, Los Angeles.
The next thirty years were Hollywood's
greatest years. Thousands of movies were made, most by a few large and powerful
studios. Directors, actors, and writers worked for these studios. They made
some movies that today are considered great art.
Hollywood, the area in Los Angeles,
also reached its high point in these years. Many famous and glamorous movie
stars, like Bette Davis and Clark Gable, lived in Hollywood.
Today, Hollywood is not what it was.
More movies are made outside of Hollywood. Many studios have moved. The movie
stars have also moved to areas like Beverly Hills and Malibu.
But visitors to Hollywood today can go
to the famous Chinese Theater and see the footprints and autographs of movie
stars. They can go down the Walle of Fame, on Hollywood Boulevard, and see the
golden stars in the sidewalk.
1. Where is Hollywood?
a. In New-York
b. In Los Angeles
c. In Chicago
2. What was the main reason for building the first movie studio in Hollywood?
a. The weather
b. Good countryside
c. It was comfortable for actors, because they lived not far from it.
3. How long did the greatest time for Hollywood last?
a. 30 years
b. 40 years
c. 50 years
4. What is Hollywood also famous for?
a. It has the greatest monuments.
b. Many stars live there.
c. It has the largest movie theater.
5. Has Hollywood changed compared with its greatest years?
a. No, everything is the same.
b. There are some changes, but not a lot.
c. It’s not what it used to be.
6. What can you see in Hollywood?
a. Japanese theatre
b. Chinese circus
c. Chinese theatre
7. What is the synonym for the word ‘footprints’ (paragraph 7)?