Baseball is America's most popular
sport. In a baseball game there are two teams of nine players. Players must hit
a ball with a bat and then run around four bases. A player who goes around all
the bases scores a run for his team. The team that finishes with more runs wins
Where did baseball come from? No one
knows for sure. Many people believe that the idea came from a game played by
children in England. Other people believe that a man named Abner Doubleday
invented the game in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. But the first real rules
of baseball were written in 1845 by Alexander Cartwright. Two teams from New
York played a game following Cartwright's rules. The rules worked well. Soon
there were many teams.
These early teams were not
professional. They played only for fun, not money. But baseball was very
popular from the start. Businessmen saw that they could make money with
professional baseball teams.
The first professional team was started
in 1869. This team was the Red Stockings of Cincinnati. Within a few years
there were professional teams in other cities. In 1876 these teams came
together in a league, or group, called the National League. The teams in the
National League played one another.
In 1901 a new league, called the
American League, was formed. To create some excitement, in 1903 the two leagues
decided to have their first-place teams play each other. This event was called
the World Series.
Each year since then the National
League winner and the American League winner play in the World Series. And,
each year, millions of people look forward to this exciting sports event.
1. How many players took part in a baseball game?
2. How many bases must each player run around?
3. Where did baseball game come from?
a. From England
b. From the USA
c. It’s unknown.
4. Why did first players play baseball?
a. For money
b. For performance
c. For fun
5. What did businessmen thought about baseball?
a. It was a bad game.
b. They could earn money with it.
c. It was very hard to make money with this game.
6. What does World Series mean?
a. Baseball game between Americans and Europeans
b. Baseball game between the American League and the National League
c. Baseball game between the teams of the American League
7. What is the synonym for the word ‘excitement’ (paragraph 5)?